In 1899, a doctor in Germany by the name of Schneiderlin recommended the use of Morphine and Hyoscine for alleviating pain during surgical procedures. Another gentleman, Richard von Steinbuchel proposed the usage of such substances to ease the pain of childbirth in women. This was an induced state known as ‘Twilight Sleep’, and the method was slowly tested and implemented by the medical community. This idea spread to America, where they opted to use Scolpamine, Morphene and Chloroform for the childbirth itself, and through tests they found that a cocktail of Scolpamine and Henobane rendered the women into a somewhat subdued delirium, with side effect such as amnesia and disorientation. The medical practitioners also noted another side effect of the concoction; the women were blunt, candid and offered answers to questions truthfully. This remarkable revelation prompted one Dr. House, years later to come up with the bright idea of using this process when interviewing criminal suspects. The practice proved to be so effective, that even the mere threat of Scolpanime at one point became a guarantee of confession in and of itself, without the drug ever having to be administered.
This would not be the first, and definitely by no means the last time that government authorities would experiment with drugs on civilians, criminal or otherwise. By now it is rather well known that from the 1950s, the Central Intelligence Agency has a storied relationship with drugs and human experiments, none more infamous than MK-Ultra. What is not so widely known about this program is that it was implemented on many Jazz musicians during the birth of the Bebop era and beyond. It is no secret that Jazz musicians had storied relationships with narcotics, especially heroin, but there were forces beyond the obvious street dealing peddlers and thugs feeding the culture. The evolution of the more classical, big band swing style of the ‘Jazz Age’ era was replaced by something far more expressive and radical, and not entirely natural. However, from the timeline of the music we have prescribed to us for our collective consumption, we are told as much. Unfortunately, even if the process itself appeared natural, there were government and other forces fostering and nurturing its growth, regardless of the welfare of those who practiced it.
Much akin to the purity of an artistic endeavor such as music, some programs were started with good intentions, and for the betterment of those who engaged and that of others. When nefarious elements get introduced, however, this can have disastrous consequences. Two examples of this were the Narcotics Farm Projects, and the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiments. The latter of the two was actually part of a health program pioneered between the mutual efforts of one Julius Rosenwald and Booker T Washington. Rosenwald had read Washington’s book ‘Up From Slavery’, and cited it as one of the most life changing books he had ever read. He endeavored to pour a good chunk of his wealth accrued from his successes with business such as Sears, Roebuck & Co and built over 5000 schools for black children. These were known as ‘Rosenwald Schools’, and featured such storied cultural alumnus such as John Lewis, Maya Angelou, Eugene Robinson, George C Wolfe and others. Rosenwald and Washington found common ground on many things, including the lack of healthcare for black people in America. In 1915 Washington passed, but Rosenwald still stuck to his plans. By 1926 one of the more pressing matters for the black community was Syphilis, especially in the south. At one point the CDC reports that during the late 1920s up to 35% of black people had been observed with the disease. In 1929 the cure rate was less than 30%, and post the wall street crash and with the onset of the depression, Rosenwald funding for the treatment of cases, and by his death in 1932 this had fallen to the Government. Again, something that started out with good intentions devolved in to something profoundly inhumane which is still referenced today. The true ethical quandaries of the Tuskegee Syphilis experiments became such a grotesque violation of human rights when, post 1947, it had been found that penicillin was the correct treatment for people afflicted with the condition. Nevertheless, these men were never informed of the treatment, nor cured of their affliction. This story was broken in 1972, and in 1973 there was a supreme court case regarding the matter which resulted in reparations being paid to the families of the afflicted. Another story broken in 1973 was in regards to what had become of the Narcotics Farm project…
Towards the mid-late 1920s narcotic addiction was becoming what was then known as a ‘public health crisis’, something which would be a drop in the water compared to what it is now. As a result, thousands of people were being imprisoned for non-violent drug offenses, a trend that continues to this day. Prisons began to buckle under the weight of overcrowding, and in some cases there were not enough cells to house patients leaving prisoners to double up or sleep in the hallways. From the document Establishment of Two Narcotic Farms, Hearings Before the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, Seventieth Congress, First Session, on H.R. 12781, H.R. 13645, April 26, 27, 28, 1928’; “The committee was greatly impressed by the presentation of evidence covering the present conditions existing in penitentiaries at Atlanta, Ga; Leavenworth, Kans; and McNeil Island, Wash. These penitentiaries are severely overcrowded, the total cell capacity being 3,778; whereas on April 1, 1928 there were 7,598 men crowded within these walls. Two prisoners are in many cases quartered in cells which were built for 1, and 6 and 8 prisoners are crowded in cells designed to hold 4…
…To pack men as though they were animals is a brutal manner of treatment even for convicts. Something must be done to relieve the stress of this inhumane situation. We are told that since 1915 the number of convictions in the Federal courts has multiplied four-fold. No doubt the attempted enforcement of prohibition has largely contributed to this result. When one contemplates this deplorable state in these prisons of the nation, and is told that there are now 1,559 addicts in these three Federal prisons, the necessity for adopting the bill which we report needs no argument.”
For some comparison, here are some modern day statistics according to the American Centre on Addiction;
“Of the 2.3 million inmates crowding our nation’s prisons and jails, 85% were substance-involved; 1.5 million met the DSM-IV medical criteria for substance abuse or addiction. Another 458,000 had not met the strict DSM-IV criteria but had histories of substance abuse and were under the influence of alcohol or other drugs at the time of their crime, committed their offense to get money to buy drugs, were incarcerated for an alcohol or drug law violation, or shared some combination of these characteristics. In 2006, alcohol and other drugs were involved in:
- 78% of violent crimes
- 83% of property crimes
- 77% of public order, immigration or weapons offenses and probation/parole violations
Alcohol was implicated in the incarceration of more than half of all inmates in America; illicit drugs were implicated in three-fourths of incarcerations.”
This Narcotic Farm project, including the Tuskegee study was sanctioned by then Surgeon General of the United States; Hugh S. Cumming. Funnily enough, his son; Hugh S. Cumming Jr would go on to become the first ever Director of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research in the U.S. Department of State. The initial project cost $4,000,000, and would consist of one major facility in Lexington; Kentucky, and another in Fort Worth; Texas. The latter of the two was a much smaller project, and turned in to more of a Navy hospital, but it has no research program, nor anywhere near the capacity (1,500 beds) of the main Narcotics Farm which later would affectionately be known as the ‘Narco Farm’, or sometimes even just ‘The Farm’. Initially headed by Dr. Lawrence Kolb, who introduced a pilot ‘three phase’ program (withdrawal, rehabilitation & therapy, release), life at the Farm was relatively uneventful, if not for the odd famous attendee such as actor peter Lorre, but there would be more of those to come. This would be during the tenure of the main chief examiner of Lexington who replaced Kolb, one Dr. Harris Isbell. Isbell would introduce programs of his own, especially when his experimental drug research at the Farm from 1953 onwards was sponsored by the CIA as part of their MK-Ultra Project. There is a documentary regarding the facility with a cursory overview of events there, but leaves out the parts where Isbell would perform tests such as keeping someone in LSD for 77 days straight… He had no shortage of human subjects to test on, when the facility was part ‘prison for drug addicts’ and part ‘voluntary drug clinic’. Other so-called ‘volunteers’ were in fact motivated to go there in lieu of federal sentencing. It has been said that many musicians from the club scenes in the cities would check themselves in to the Narcotics farm just to be able to play with ‘some of the greats’, and there were many ‘greats’ who attended The Farm. Among them were; Benny Green, Bernie Kolb, Chet Baker, Elvin Jones, Ray Charles, Red Rodney, Jackie MacLean, Joe Guy, Kenny Drew, Lee Morgan, Jimmy Heath, Peter Littman, Wayne Kramer, Sonny Sitt, Sonny Rollins, Tadd Dameron, Sam Rivers and Sammy Davis Jr.
According to Lexington born writer Rebeecca Gayle Howell;
“Still yet, for the jazz musician, Narco became an elite artist’s workshop, a three-month retreat where hours of creative cross-pollination were sponsored by the federal government. Some checked in just so they could learn from the masters. Heroin helped an otherwise severely competitive stage of prodigies relax into their most concentrated Jungian state, that under-mind from which improvisation springs. But at Narco, competition for gigs vanished. The musician no longer needed to worry about food or housing or nightclub owners. All he had to do was arrange for his fix and endure his convalescence. Have an outsider visit you with a gift. Have an outsider throw a packet over the wall. Sleep, wake, eat, get what you need, and play.
Soon, a theater seating a thousand was made available for their purpose. Patients, nurses, doctors, and guards all came together on Saturday nights for the show. The town, too. These concerts, free and open to the public, made Narco the best underground night spot in Lexington. The phenomenon struck a chord with metropolitan jazz-heads and before long they began flying into our then hangar of an airport for a one-night fix of mind-altering music. History has called it “The Greatest Band You’ve Never Heard,” as all recordings, even the one made when Narco patients played Johnny Carson’s Tonight Show, have been disregarded, destroyed, lost among the years.”
This appears to be a rather over-enthusiastic encouragement from the staff at the Narco Farm, nurturing the musicians to take as many drugs as they could, witnessing the bursts of creativity that could occur from such a stint. The cocktails of drugs that these musicians received were quite literally in the testing stages, right there on the farm, and would later go on to serve as the chemical inspiration for the radical cultural movements that were yet to follow. Hippies, beatnicks, fusion, the wildness of the 60s and onwards would be the wider scale testing grounds of these drugs. The Farm was the ultimate petri dish…
Many of the musicians who went through the Farm lived somewhat tortured existences, and many died many years before their time. Many would also leave a lasting musical imprint on the fabric of America. In the case of Lee Morgan, it was not long after a stint for Morgan at The Farm and less than a month after the JFK assassination when, as legend has it, in a recording studio he retired to the WC for quite some time. When he returned, he has scrawled musical notations on pieces of toilet paper. From those notations was the bones of the title track for his upcoming seminal album; The Sidewinder. The album would go on to be the best selling record for the Blue Note record label at the time, and it has been said that this success helped to save Blue Note from bankruptcy. ‘The Sidewinder’ has been used in many adverts for America most notably the World Series 1964 Chrysler Adverts, over which there was a legal dispute. Songs from the album have also appeared in Better Call Saul, Get Shorty, Unaccompanied Minors, Mr. Dynamite, I Called Him Morgan, Magic City, and more.
‘I called Him Morgan’ is an interesting yet tragic documentary which regales the tragically short life of the musician. It features over dubs of the last known recordings of his wife, Helen. In her recollection she actually chuckles as she recounts that the gun she murdered Morgan with was the gun he had bought her for self-protection, which is not only ironic, but her whimsical tone was somewhat disturbing. She goes on to explain having felt a profound sense of disbelief. She ended up pleading guilty under advisement from her lawyer to charges of manslaughter, for which she only received 2-5 years of probation. Incidentally, her first husband, a bootlegger of whom she remembered fondly with her description “He took a liking to me, and I took a liking to the money”, died not 2 years after marrying her. Apparently he drowned…
Nevertheless, some friends of Lee Morgan still thought rather fondly of her, and forgave her for her actions citing that she at one point had ‘Pulled him out of the gutter’ and turned his life around. Well, that is what they say on camera, at least… To this day Lee Morgan is still revered as one of the ‘greats’ and his contribution to the fabric of music in America has not gone unnoticed. It would be hard to find someone who hasn’t heard either his music, or music by someone who had been influenced by him. For such a short life and a high octane drug habit, this alumnus of the Narcotics Farm has achieved a staggering amount, and he is by no means alone. It is remarkable what can happen to a musician’s mind when you experiment with all kinds of drugs on them, not to mention keeping them in your pocket with a heroin habit. Lee Morgan is a perfect example of such a musician, because the ‘Lexington Cure’ never cured him, in fact it simply gave him enough juice to be more creative and manage his addiction in such a way that would promote his creativity; and thus ‘The Sidewinder’ was born.
For any Jazz musician who went to the Lexington facility, staying clean was going to be no easy task, especially when they got back on to the club scene. Not only was the CIA helping to fund human experiments in the Narco Farm, but from the days of the OSS, the CIA had become deeply embedded with organised crime in the United States. From their inception, they engaged in vast amounts of drug smuggling to fund their black budget projects. Many of the Mob connected companies that would serve as money laundering facilities and drug trafficking enterprises for organised crime were record companies and their dealers would roam the Mob-connected Jazz clubs. The most famous example of this was Morris Levy’s ‘Roulette Records‘, which was seized as a drug smuggling front operation for Heroin after years of surveillance on the part of the FBI. Musicians like Sonny Sitt, who attended the Farm were releasing albums with the label. In fact, the Roulette Records roster is a veritable who’s who of Heroin addicted Jazz musicians, something which must be some kind of fantastic coincidence…
For all of the work ethic that the ‘Lexington Cure’ purported to offer such as farm work, woodwork and auto repair, they also encouraged patients to engage in leisurely activities for the majority of their day. If you had a group of poorly behaved children in a classroom, it would be wise to set boundaries, keep them to a schedule, set them tasks and discipline bad behavior with the odd part of leisure time. The Lexington approach to the same children would be to simply throw ‘arts and crafts’ in to the room, leave them piles of all you can eat candy with absolutely no direct adult supervision, and say; “Have at it, kids! We’re just here to observe!”. There was some progress, but with recidivism rate of 93% all evidence suggests that the people funding and curating the Lexington experience were simply there to observe the effects of drugs on addicts, and had absolutely no interest in finding a ‘cure’.
In December of 1964, there were hearings regarding organised crime and illicit drug trafficking. In a testimony by Dr. Isbell he argued that there is no assurance that doctors supplying drugs to addicts would reduce the ‘illicit’ market. He also went further, contrasting that the question of narcotic addiction in Great Britain to America, speculating that the reasons for differing rates of addictions were ‘probably historical and sociological’. Perhaps if US Government agencies weren’t flooding their own country with narcotics, that would be a better ‘reduction method’ than a set of onerous laws, and might answer some of those ‘historical and sociological’ questions…. It would be interesting to know if Dr. Isbell knew that the supply chain for both illegal and legal drug routes came from the same source, namely his paymasters. It goes back to that fantastic line in the Spike Lee movie; ‘Boyz in the Hood’, where Lawrence Fishburne’s character remarks on the supply chain of drugs affecting his local community; “How you think the Crack Rock gets in to the Country? We don’t own any planes, we don’t own no ships, we are not the people who are flying and floating that shit in here.” An astute observation, considering that in the years that followed, investigative journalist Gary Webb’s ‘Dark Alliance’ series exposed the CIA’s involvement in the trafficking of Cocaine during the Iran Contra Affair, ultimately fueling the crack epidemic. At the time of its publication the claims were fiercely contested, not surprisingly by the very same government agencies implicated in the allegations, but also by their lapdogs in the mainstream media. For his efforts, the late great Gary Webb allegedly chose to end his life with two shotgun shells to his head. As is often the case with journalists of his caliber, his death was ruled a ‘suicide’.
In Marjorie Senechal’s publication ‘Narco Brat‘, she details the life and times of growing up on the Narco Farm. Many families had similar recollections, but Senechal’s experience is rather interesting, as she was the daughter of Dr. Abraham Wickler, one of Dr. Harris Isbell’s Research Partners. Incidentally, he left in 1963 to join the University of Kentucky. Years later Isbell followed his lead. The publication is a fascinating peek in to life on the farm and can be read here, but one vastly interesting facet is the admissions of Isbell, a man notorious for refusing to give interviews to most publications;
“Prisoners (but not volunteers) could get marijuana, even heroin, at the Addiction Research Center if they participated in experiments there.
M.S. Were you able to shape the research program the way you wanted?
H.I. At the time I came along, all of a sudden there was an outbreak of new drugs. These were being developed by the pharmaceutical companies. The first and most important of these was methadone; that was one that I ran into right away. It was being made by pharmaceutical companies around the world; they were looking for substitutes for morphine so that they could sell it instead, because morphine was highly regulated. They started that, and after methadone there was a flood of these new synthetic pain-relieving drugs. No telling how many there were. The government wanted us to test them out, to see whether they were addictive. So that’s what we had to do, whether we wanted to or not.
To test the drugs, researchers needed human subjects. Narco prisoners soon learned through the active prison grapevine that they would be paid in the drug of their choice.17
M.S. And what about LSD? Did the government ask you to do research on that?
H.I. Well, actually, it was the CIA that asked me to look into it and all the other hallucinogens, of which of course LSD was the most potent. And remains the most potent. I knew that a lot of our guys liked it, some hated it, and those that liked it would take all they could get. But I didn’t see where there’d be any source. But the crazy chemists, you know, suddenly took care of that, they started making it.
After the CIA’s involvement in LSD research became public, I asked Dad (Wikler) whether he’d known about it. He didn’t reply.
Dad was a co-author of some of the published LSD research. But, it seems, only Dr. Isbell, the director of the A.R.C., had the security clearance to know that the CIA had funded and directed it.”
Perhaps the most stunning admission from Isbell came during the Senate hearings in 1973 headed up by then Senator Edward Kennedy. There is some irony to that, considering that in 1962, Edward’s brother Robert F. Kennedy had publicly praised Isbell as “an extraordinarily able director and coordinator of multidisciplinary research” and “an outstanding investigator in his own right whose work in clinical pharmacology has exerted far-reaching influences on medical practice”. Almost a decade later, Isbell would confess to the Subcommittee Hearings to another Kennedy that “Yes, test subjects were addicts who were paid in drugs” and “Yes, I have been working on this project with the CIA since about, 1953”. What makes this admission stunning is the moment he confesses to CIA involvement. Sitting next to him was a black former patient, who up until that point had been answering rudimentary questions at the hearing, and up until that point had thought this was a rather mundane affair. The look of betrayal on the former patient’s face is really something to behold, and when you understand that this man had placed his life in the hands of a man, who had been working for ‘The Man’ all along. The same ‘Man’ who had infiltrated the civil rights movement, the same ‘Man’ pumping drugs in to once quiet and safe communities. He had been nothing more than a guinea pig to these people, and clearly had had no real inclination of that having been the case. Lexington, after all was heavily marketed to addicts as a haven to find a cure and get clean. Instead, these people had dosed him up with God only knows what, causing him to at many points, lose absolute control of his mind, claiming at one point in the testimony “I would eat these Graham Crackers and start seeing elephants on the walls!”. Isbell did not elaborate much further in the hearing aside from answering rudimentary questions, but by then the cat was out of the bag.
The official classification for the project at Lexington was MK-Pilot , one of the sub-projects for the infamous CIA MK-Ultra program. A cursory description of the project on documents was to ‘find a suitable alternative to codeine’, but later this was found to be a very small portion of what actually happened there. Not only was there a healthy stream of funding from the CIA funnelled through the Navy, the doctors at Lexington had no shortage of companies willing to test out their new wares on witting and unwitting subjects. Not only were the patients subjected to tests with LSD, but they were collectively dosed a smorgasbord of over 800 different compounds, a fact of which can be seen in the now declassified documents in the CIA archives. These substances included, but were not limited to; Alcohol, Barbituates, Buprenorphine, Clonidine, Codeine, Cocaine, Cyclazocine, Demerol, Dilaudid, Heroin, LSD, Mescaline, Methadone, Nalorphine, Naloone, naltrexone, Miltown, Equanil, Seconal, Marijuana, Buprenophine, Benzodiazepines and more. Companies that were willing to peddle their wares were; Abbot Labs, Burroughs-Wellcome, Ciba, Endo, Hoffmann La Roche, Lederle, Eli Lilly, Merck, Parke-Davis, Schering, Smith, Kline and French, Squibb, Upjohn, Winthrop Sterling, Wyeth. These are only the ones available and listen in medical journals online, but they have all gone on to completely dominate modern healthcare. The Narco Farm was an excellent testing ground for what we know today as ‘Big Pharma’. According to conservative estimates on Wikipedia, the revenue of these companies (and the ones they were acquired by) comes to a (very) conservative estimate of collectively 670 billion dollars.
In later years, Ciba would merge with Sandoz Laboratories, (the company who famously furnished the ‘Acid Guru’ Timothy Leary with LSD) to become Novartis. Hoffmann La Roche is one of the more interesting cases. It is known that Aldous Huxley was one of the chief proponents of LSD, but more pertinent was his brother, Julian Huxley. Aside from his affiliations in eugenics and with the formation of the United Nations, Julian had a friend in Luc Hoffmann, of Hoffmann La Roche. Perhaps it was some supreme altruism on their parts that they sought to form an organisation together, an organisation which is still in operation today; The World Wildlife Federation. From the outside, and with stunning amounts of PR, this would seem to be a very friendly endeavor, but when you consider that a eugenicist and a drug manufacturer formed an organisation that would give them unfettered access to unlimited amounts of biological materials, the operation looks a slight more dubious. In fact since their inception, the rates of extinction in species, according to their own data have drastically spiked. This could of course be their own manipulated data as a push for funding, but it is certainly something which deserves a closer look.
Since 1963 Hoffmann La Roche has been one of the leading producers of Valium. It was born of a compound known as RO5069 or, Librium. It was brought to the USA by a doctor called Leo Sternbach, went on to be a researcher at La Roche. As of 2011, over 14.7 million prescriptions for Valium alone were filled in the USA, not including the plethora of other mood suppressants and ‘anti-depressants’. According to the Scientific American, one in six Americans are on some form of psychiatric drug, the very same sorts peddled by these companies. Are one in six Americans this mentally unstable or crazy? To quote Dave Chappelle; “The worst thing to call somebody is crazy. It’s dismissive. “I don’t understand this person. So they’re crazy.” That’s bullshit. These people are not crazy. They strong people. Maybe their environment is a little sick.” For all of the rhetoric peddled by the US government regarding the War On Drugs, it would appear that they are the greatest enablers. It is of great benefit to them to have a duped masses, fed misinformation via a tightly controlled network of media and culture enablers. If they ever begin to notice that the world they live in has a deep sickness to it, they are the ones labelled as ‘sick’, and put on mood correcting concoctions of chemicals.
The clinical trials at Lexington paved the way for these companies to thrive, and in years that followed, the restrictions on drug testing in America have been eased up so much to the extent that the public are now the guinea pigs. It is no surprise that every drug commercial on American television is absolutely littered with caveats regarding ‘side effects’. Not only is this to help the companies wriggle out from under potential criminal liability, but it is also a major indicator that the drugs are still in the ‘testing phase’. Section 522 of the FDA’s code is something called ‘Post-Marketing Surveillance’, which is also known as the 4th phase of clinical testing, which can also be found on the CDC guidelines when it comes to monitoring the efficacy of vaccines. In short, after controlled studies within the companies, the drugs are then released to the public at large as part of a wider ‘test group’. Physicians will prescribe (often with financial incentives) a new ‘FDA Approved’ drug to their patients, but their patients are now unknowingly part of the drug companies’ clinical trials. Is it any wonder that what is classified as ‘medical malpractice’ or ‘medical error’ is now the third leading cause of death in America? Much like the doctors at Lexington, doctors today seem to be absolutely fine with simply ‘rolling the dice’ when it comes to the welfare of those they are bound by the Hippocratic oath to protect, perhaps most pertinent decree of which is; “I will apply, for the benefit of the sick, all measures which are required, avoiding those twin traps of overtreatment and therapeutic nihilism.”
Today the drug industry is plain and out in the open. There is a running joke that the biggest drug dealer in the world is the CIA, and there are more than a few grains of truth to that statement. A modern example of America’s military might securing narcotics today is rather blatant when it comes to the war in Afghanistan. Like every war in the last century or so, the reasons for engaging in such a horrific endeavor were built purely on lies and deception. Whilst needless deaths and conflict have raged for decades, only a few stood to gain from the murderous campaign. The family who has benefited most from the war is currently under scrutiny for its role in America’s current opioid epidemic are the Sacklers. Raymond Sackler has funded the Neo-Conservative Israeli backed pro-war think tank ‘The Foundation for Defence of Democracies’, which has in turn churned out propaganda through publications such as ‘The Long War Journal’, curiously named as such when the war was not yet as long as Vietnam… Nevertheless, the reach of their propaganda is rather vast. According to their Wikipedia for the Long War Journal; “FDD’s Long War Journal has been used as a source by media organizations or quoted in press publications including the New York Times (two of which were on the newspaper’s front page), Reuters, Associated Press, United Press International, Sunday Times, The Hindu, Cable News Network, the Times of India, The Australian, CTC Sentinel, Time, The Nation, Washington Times, and The Atlantic. Marc Thiessen used the journal as a source in a March 15, 2011 opinion piece for the Washington Post. Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter Thomas E. Ricks cited FDD’s Long War Journal reporter Nathan Webster in Ricks’ Iraq-related book, The Gamble.”
…That is a vast amount of reach. Alarming, almost how much influence one think tank can have in regards to not only American but world-wide opinions regarding the war. What is more alarming is that when you consider that these drug merchants were funding this think tank, and that men who fought in Afghanistan would more often than not come back with crushing PTSD, many of whom become addicted to opioids and many of whom sadly commit suicide. According to the United States Department of Veteran Affairs;
“Among U.S. adults, the average number of suicides per day rose from 86.6 in 2005 to 124.4 in 2017. These numbers included 15.9 Veteran suicides per day in 2005 and 16.8 in 2017.”
Those numbers put together, when you can see the bigger picture, is the most tragic kind of irony there can be. A very small amount of people benefit from the suffering of so many, and they peddle the world with coping mechanisms, without fixing the real problem. Much like the doctors at Lexington, the powers that be can be quite the accelerating forces, and have used the population as lab rats; insofar that we have almost reached that dystopian nightmare that was Huxley’s ‘Brave New World’. If we began to pay attention to the real causes of our sicknesses, we might just be able to do something about it. The first step to solving any problem, is to acknowledge it. But further, to really see the root causes, without the smoke and mirrors or indeed, wonderful expressionist music that may be an expressive outcry, but a cry for help nonetheless.